Antique Chinese Peking Dragon Rug from Richard Rothstein of http://www.richardrothstein.com the great Philadelphia Area Oriental Rug store.
Antique Chinese Peking Bat Mat Rug from Richard Rothstein of http://www.richardrothstein.com the great Philadelphia Area Oriental Rug store.
The Dyeing of Chinese Rugs.
American lovers of oriental rugs are becoming increasingly familiar with the products of Chinese looms. The methods of dyeing the yarn used in these rugs are exceedingly primitive, but the-colors obtained are exceptionally fast. The following account of the materials employed and the method of application recently appeared in "The Dyer and Calico Printer," and is of general interest:
The wool that enters into
Chinese carpets is grown in
The Ninghsia dyes never fade,
but gain in lustre as they
age. A twenty-four-year-old carpet, far from being worn out, has a
brilliance and gloss which cannot be imitated. The native dyes used in Peking, when properly set,
will outlast the carpet, and
nothing has yet been discovered in
the carpet, if the dyer has done his work conscientiously. Actual experiment has shown that it is possible to boil a new rug to shreds without extracting the dye out of the yarn.
Each rug maker does his own dyeing to match the colors in the design submitted to him. At one dyeing he makes enough to finish the carpets, so that there can be no possible variation in shade, and he has his whole supply of the various colors dyed, set and dried, ready for the client's inspection before he sets his men to work on the loom. Minerals are rarely used. Their blue is indigo; the locust tree, which also yields black; brown comes from a kind of acorn husk; purple trom hollyhocks: and yellows, reds, greens and other shades from various native woods, mostly cheap and abundant.
The dyer takes as much dyewood
or seed as his judgment
prompts him to use, throws it into a great pot of boiling water, and
liquid takes on color throws in the yarn, and sets a man to stir it.
of the colors is done with alum. A rug made partly with yarn dyed with
native vegetable dyes and partly with aniline dyes fades in streaks and
patches, and betrays itself in a few months, but the colors in a
The recent carpet boom has made the Chinese carpet an article of trade, and has given it the status, of a useful and ornamental floor covering. The successful buyers in the carpet centres have worked hard to impress their ideas upon the native artists, with the result that the Chinese are developing a perception of color and arrangement as the foreigner sees them, and are relegating their old patterns to the dust-bins.
consular report states, that
the cultivation of indigo has been notably augmented in the Swatow
Thanks and best wishes,
J. Barry O'Connell Jr.
Rugs the O'Connell Guides